Raccoon eyes sign (RES) is a newly reported sign of Sweet’s syndrome in two male patients, a 27-year-old man with a 10 day history of upper respiratory tract infection and a 52-year-old man with acute myeloid leukaemia and a history of testicular cancer (Salman et al, 2018). Both cases were successfully treated with methylprednisolone.
What is raccoon eyes sign?
RES (also known as owl eyes or panda eyes) or periorbital ecchymosis is a sign of basal skull fracture as a result of traumatic periorbital haemorrhage, periorbital referring to the area around the eye. It can also be caused by systemic amyloidosis, neuroblastoma and other conditions.
Can conditions affecting the skin cause raccoon eyes?
Yes, RES can be a sign of neonatal lupus erythematosus, lichen planus pigmentosus, chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature syndrome (CANDLE), and Sweet’s syndrome.
What does raccoon eyes look like?
RES describes bruising and discoloration around the eyes that looks like the dark circles around a raccoon’s eyes, and may affect just one eye or both. In Sweet’s syndrome, RES has presented as swollen or haemorrhagic plaques (larger raised, reddened or purple skin lesions) around the eyes (Salman et al, 2018).
What causes raccoon eyes in Sweet’s syndrome?
The exact cause of RES in Sweet’s syndrome is unknown. However, Salman et al argue that it could be caused by secondary damage to blood vessels as a result of white blood cells called neutrophils releasing noxious substances, and the thin skin around the eyes being more sensitive to damage (Ibid). Read more here.
Salman, A., Demir, G., Cinel, L., Oguzsoy, T., Yildizhan, G. And Ergun, T. (2018) Expanding the differential diagnosis of raccoon eyes: Sweet syndrome. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, May 31|doi: 10.1111/jdv.15104 (Wiley Online).
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