Free Clinical Papers (1)

Sweet’s syndrome.

Adamska, U., Męcińska-Jundziłł, K., Białecka, A., Cichewicz, A., Grzanka, A., Adamski, P., Khvoryk, D. and Czajkowski, R. (2017) Sweet’s syndrome with idiopathic epididymitis. Postepy dermatologii i alergologii, Aug;34(4):363-365 (PMC).

Ahmadinejad, Z., Mansouri, S., Ziaee, V., Aghighi, Y., Moradinejad, M. and Fereshteh-Mehregan, F. (2014) Periodic Fever: A Review on Clinical, Management and Guideline for Iranian Patients – Part II. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Jun;24(3):229-40 (online).

Choi, H., Kim, Y., Na, C. and Shin, B. (2017) Fournier’s Gangrene: A Rare Complication of Sweet’s Syndrome. Annals of Dermatology, Jun;29(3):387-389 (PubMed).

Cohen, P. (2007) Sweet’s syndrome – a comprehensive review of an acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (online).

Ginarte, M. and Toribio, J. (2011) Sweet’s Syndrome. IntechOpen Online.

Kasirye, Y., Danhof, R., Epperla, N. and Garcia-Montilla, R. (2011) Sweet’s Syndrome: One Disease, Multiple Faces. Clinical Medicine & Research, Nov;9(3-4):134-136 (online).

Liaw, T. (2017) A case of Sweet syndrome successfully treated by anti-inflammatory property of doxycycline. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Jan 17 (online).

Passaro, G., Cerrito, L., Giovinale, M., Marinaro, A., Soriano, A,. Rigante, D. and Manna, R. (2013) P03-019 – Anakinra for sweet syndrome treatment. Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal, Nov; 11(Suppl 1). 

Ranpara, M. and Yesudian, P. (2015) A perplexing rash. BMJ Case Reports, Sept 2nd (online).

Rech, G., Balestri, R., La Placa, M., Magnano, M. and Girardelli, C. (2016) Single Nail Involvement as First Sign of Sweet’s Syndrome. Skin Appendage Disorders, Sep;2(1-2):61-62 (online).

Resende, C., Santos, R., Pereira, T. and Brito, C. (2016) Sweet’s syndrome associated with cellulitis – a challenging diagnosis. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, Jan-Feb; 91(1): 94–96 (online).

Seminario-Vidal, L., Guerrero, C. and Sami, N. (2015) Refractory Sweet’s syndrome successfully treated with rituximab. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, May;1(3):123-125 (online).

Wlodek, C., Bhatt, N. and Kennedy, C. (2016) Two neutrophilic dermatoses captured simultaneously on histology. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual, Jul; 6(3): 55–57 (online). This is the second reported case of Sweet’s syndrome and neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis occurring in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia at the same time.


Malignancy-associated Sweet’s syndrome, including myelodysplastic syndromes.

Gill, H., Leung, A., Trendell-Smith, N., Yeung, C. and Liang, R. (2010) Case Report. Sweet Syndrome due to Myelodysplastic Syndrome:  Possible Therapeutic Role of Intravenous Immunoglobulin in Addition to Standard Treatment. Advances in Hematology. Article ID 328316 (online).

Jo, T., Horio, K. and Migita, K. (2015) Sweet‘s syndrome in patients with MDS and MEFV mutations. The New England Journal of Medicine;372(7):686-8 (online).

Kaur, S., Bery, A., Garg, B. and Sood, N. (2015) Sweet’s syndrome in Sweet’s syndrome associated with chronic neutrophilic leukemia. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Mar-Apr;81:203-6 (online).

Leighton, P. and Amirfeyz, R. (2015) Sweet syndrome: a lesson in the management of the cutaneous lesions of malignancy. Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Feb 11th (online).

Liao, A., Danish, H., Stoff, B. and Khan, M. (2016) First Case of Merkel Cell Carcinoma in a Young Patient with Sweet’s Syndrome. Advances in Radiation Oncology, Mar 28 (online). In this case, there was no proven causal relationship between Merkel cell carcinoma and Sweet’s syndrome.

Özdoğu, H., Yeral, M., and Boğa, C. (2017) An Unusual Giant Leg Ulcer as a Rare Presentation of Sweet’s syndrome in a Patient with Hairy Cell Leukemia Successfully Managed by Splenectomy. Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology, Mar 8 (PDF).

Paydas, S. (2013) Sweet’s syndrome: a revisit for hematologists and oncologists. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, Apr;86(1):85-95 (online).

Pelosof, L. and Gerber, D. (2010) Paraneoplastic Syndromes: An Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Sep; 85(9): 838–854 (online).

Pourmoussa, A. and Kwan, K. (2017) An Unlikely Rapid Transformation of Myelodysplastic Syndrome to Acute Leukemia: A Case Report. The Permanente Journal, Apr; 21: 16-091 (online).

Silva, R., Ferreira, C., Bizarro, S., Cerveira, N., Torres, L., Moreira, I. and Mariz, J. (2015) Diagnosis, complications and management of chronic neutrophilic leukaemia: A case report. Oncology Letters, Jun;9(6):2657-2660 (online).

Yaghmour, G., Wiedower, E., Yaghmour, B., Nunnery, S., Duncavage, E. and Martin, M. (2017) Sweet’s syndrome associated with clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential responsive to 5-azacitidine. Therapeutic Advances in Hematology, Feb;8(2):91-95 (online).


Drug-induced Sweet’s syndrome.

Bodamyalızade, P. and Özkayalar, H. (2017) Drug Induced Sweet’s Syndrome – Case Presentation. Romanian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, Mar;1(4):38-40 (online). This is a case of flurbiprofen-induced Sweet’s syndrome.

Cohen, P. (2015) Proton pump inhibitor-induced Sweet’s syndrome: report of acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis in a woman with recurrent breast cancer. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual, April; 5(2):113–119.

Gormley, R., Wanat, K., Elenitsas, R., Giles, J., McGettingan, S., Schucher, L. and Takeshita, J. (2014) Ipilimumab-associated Sweet syndrome in a melanoma patient. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Nov;71(5):e211-3 (online).

Gupta, S., Bajpai, M. and Uraiya, D. (2015) Diclofenac-induced sweet’s syndrome. Indian Journal of Dermatology;60:424 (online).

Kawakami, T., Ohashi, S., Kawa, Y., Takahama, H., Ito, M., Soma, Y. and Mizoguchi, M. (2004) Elevated serum granulocyte colony-stimulating factor levels in patients with active phase of sweet syndrome and patients with active behcet disease: implication in neutrophil apoptosis dysfunction. Archives of Dermatology, May;140(5):570-4 (online).

Llamas-Velasco, M., Concha-Garcon, M., Fraga, J. and Arageus, M. (2015) Histiocytoid sweet syndrome related to bortezomib: A mimicker of cutaneous infiltration by myeloma. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, May;81:305-6 (online).

Moghimi, J., Pahlevan, D., Azizzadeh, M., Hamidi, H. and Pourazizi, M. (2014) Isotretinoin-associated Sweet’s syndrome: a case report. DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Oct 17;22(1):69 (online).

Ozlem, C., Deram, B., Mustafa. S., Koray, T., Cuyan, D. and Ertugrul, T. (2011) Propylthiouracil-induced Anti-neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies and Agranulocytosis together with Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor Induced Sweet’s Syndrome in a Patient with Graves’ Disease. Internal Medicine;50(18):1973-1976 (online).

Tam, C. and Ingraffea, A. (2015) Case Letter: Sweet Syndrome Presenting With an Unusual Morphology. Cutis, Aug;96(2):E9-E10 (online).

Volpe, M. (2016) Sweet Syndrome Associated with Upper Respiratory Infection and Amoxicillin Use. Cureus, Apr; 8(4): e568 (online). In this case, the Sweet’s syndrome may have been triggered by either respiratory infection or amoxicillin.

Xenophontos, E., Ioannou, A., Constantinides, T. and Papanicolaou. E. (2016) Sweet syndrome on a patient with autoimmune hepatitis on azathioprine and CMV infection. Oxford Medical Case Reports, Feb; (2): 24–27 (online).


Variants.

Chronic classical (idiopathic) Sweet’s syndrome.

Gowda, A., Rosenbach, M., Micheletti, R. and  James, W. (2016) Chronic idiopathic Sweet syndrome: A report of 2 cases. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, May; 2(3): 227–229 (online).

Giant cellulitis-like Sweet’s syndrome.

Kaminska, E., Nwaneshiudu, A., Luzuriaga, A., Tsoukas, M. and Bolotin, D. (2014) Giant cellulitis-like Sweet syndrome in the setting of autoimmune disease. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Sept;71(3): e94–e95 (online).

Surovy, A., Pelivani, N., Hegyi, I., Buettiker, U., Beltraminelli, H. and Borradori, L. (2013b) Giant Cellulitis-like Sweet Syndrome, a New Variant of Neutrophilic Dermatosis, JAMA Dermatology, Jan; 149(1):79-83 (online).

Histiocytoid Sweet’s syndrome.

Jo, M., Lim, Y., Shin, H., Choe, J., Seul, J. and Jang T. (2012) A Case Report of Sweet’s Syndrome with Parotitis. Archives of Plastic Surgery, Jan;39(1):59-62 (online).

Marcarini, R., Araujo, R., Nóbrega, M., Medeiros, K., Gripp, A. and Maceira, J. (2016) Histiocytoid Sweet’s syndrome presenting with annular erythematous plaques. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, Sep-Oct;91(5 suppl 1):154-156 (online).

Miller, J., Lee, N. and Sami, N. (2015) Histiocytoid Sweet syndrome treated with azathioprine: a case report. Dermatology Online Journal, Jul; 21(7).

Requena, L., Kutzner, H., Palmedo, G., Pascual, M., Fernández-Herrera, J., Fraga, J., García-Díez, A. and Yus, E. (2005) Histiocytoid Sweet Syndrome:  A Dermal Infiltration of Immature Neutrophilic Granulocytes. JAMA Dermatology (online).

Shalaby, M., Riahi, R., Rosen, L. and Soine, E. (2016) Histiocytoid Sweet’s Syndrome in a Patient with Myelodysplastic Syndrome: Report and Review of the Literature. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual, Jan; 6(1): 9-13 (online).

Neuro-Sweet’s disease.

Akiba, C., Esaki, T., Ando, M., Furuya, T., Noda, K., Nakao, Y., Yamamoto, T. Okuma, Y. and Mori, K. (2011) Possible neuro–Sweet disease mimicking brain tumor in the medulla oblongata-case report. Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica (Tokyo);51(2):140-3 (online).

Cruz -Velásquez, G., Pac Sha, J., Simal Gil, E. and Gazulla, J. (2016). Aseptic meningitis and anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 antibodies in Sweet syndrome. Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain), Jul 21 (online). Article in Spanish. Use translate.

Hisanaga, K., Hosokawa, M., Sato, N., Mochizuki, H., Itoyama, Y. and Iwasaki, Y. (1999) “Neuro-Sweet Disease”: Benign Recurrent Encephalitis With Neutrophilic Dermatosis. Archives of Neurology;56(8):1010-1013 (online).

Kokubo, Y., Kuzuhara, S., Isoda, K., Sato, K., Kawada, N. and Narita, Y. (2007) Neuro-Sweet disease: report of the first autopsy case. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, Sep;78(9):997-1000 (online).

Makimoto, G., Manabe, Y., Yamakawa, C., Fujii, D., Ikeda-Sakai, Y., Narai, H., Omori, N. and Abe, K. (2012) Two cases of possible neuro-Sweet disease with meningoencephalitis as the initial manifestation. Neurology International, Jan 9;4(1):e5, 20-23 (online).

Mariën, P., Tops, W., Crols, R., Jonkers, R., De Deyn, P. and Verhoeven, J. (2012) Grammar disruption in a patient with Neuro-Sweet syndrome. Neurocase: The Neural Basis of Cognition, 18:3, 235-247 (PDF).

Singh, J., Costello, F., Nadeau, J., Witt, S., Trotter, M. and Goyal, M. (2011) Case 176: Neuro-Sweet Syndrome. Radiology, Dec; 261(3): 989-993 (online).

Tsunemi, T., Sakai, Y., Tsunoda, K., Irie, Y. and Wada, Y. (2006) Neuro-Behçets/neuro-Sweets disease presents simultaneously with severe tonsillitis, and features mimicking bacterial meningitis with skin lesions. Internal Medicine; 45 (22): 1315-1317 (online). 

Neutrophilic dermatosis of the hands and other localized variants.

Bubna, A. and Rangarajan, S. (2015) Molluscoid Pseudovesicles: An Unusual Presentation of Sweet’s Syndrome. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Nov-Dec; 60(6): 636 (online).

Bubna, A., Veeraraghavan, M., Anandan, S. and Rangarajan, S. (2015) Palmoplantar pseudovesicles: an unusual presentation of sweet’s syndrome. Indian Journal of Dermatology;60:94-6 (online).

Cravo, M., Cardoso, J., Tellechea, O., Cordeiro, M., Reis, J. and Figueiredo, A. (2008) Neutrophilic dermatosis of the dorsal hands associated with hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Dermatology Online Journal, Jul; 14 (7).

Kaur, S., Gupta, D., Garg. B. and Sood, N. (2015) Neutrophilic dermatosis of dorsal hands. Indian Dermatology Online Journal, Jan-Feb;6(1):42-5 (online).

Lozano-Masdemont B., Molina-López I., Parra-Blanco V. and Suárez-Fernández R. (2015) Neutrophilic dermatosis of the hands (localized Sweet’s syndrome). Reumatologia Clinica, Dec 29th (online). Article available in Spanish and English. Use translate option.

Verma, S. (2012) Recurrent bilaterally symmetrical bullous sweet’s syndrome: a rare and confusing entity. Indian Journal of Dermatology; 57(6):483-5 (online).

Yang, M., Kim, J., Kim, G., Song, M., Kim, H., Ko, H., Kim, M. and Kim, B (2017) Neutrophilic Dermatosis of the Palms in Association with Myelodysplastic Syndrome. Annals of Dermatology, Aug; 29(4): 495–497 (online).

Neutrophilic dermatosis limited to post-mastectomy lymphoedematous or lipo-lymphoedematous skin (NDPL).

Park, J., Kang, H. and Kim, Y. (2014) Neutrophilic Dermatosis Confined to the Lymphedematous Area. Annals of Dermatology, Jun; 26(3): 411–413 (online).

Subcutaneous Sweet’s syndrome.

Kim, J., Choi, Y., Oh, S. and Lee, K. (2010) A Case of Sweet’s Panniculitis Associated with Spinal Metastasis from Prostate Cancer. Annals of Dermatology, Nov;22(4):478-81 (online).

Hashemi, S., Fazeli , S., Vahedi, A. and Golabchifard, R. (2016) Rituximab for refractory subcutaneous Sweet’s syndrome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A case report. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, Mar;4(3):436-440 (online).

Wang, H., Huang, Y., Chen, W. and Chiang Y. (2014) Subcutaneous Sweet syndrome associated with disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial infection leading to the diagnosis of adult-onset immunodeficiency. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Jul;71(1):e20-2 (online).


Other.

Bowel conditions and Sweet’s syndrome, sterile peritonitis, and bowel associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome.

Ashok, D. and Kiely, P. (2007) Bowel associated dermatosis – arthritis syndrome: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports (online).

Bancu, L., Ureche, C., Craciun, N., and Marian, D. (2016) A case of Sweet’s syndrome associated with uveitis in a young male with ulcerative colitis. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, 57(3):1145-1147 (PubMed).

Foster, E., Nguyen, K., Sheikh, R. and Prindiville, T. (2005) Crohn’s disease associated with Sweet’s syndrome and Sjogren’s syndrome treated with Infliximab. Clinical and Developmental Immunology, Jun; 12(2): 145–149 (online).

Rajjoub, Y., Saffaf, N. and Goodman, A. (2017) A rare case report describing the relation between sweet syndrome and spontaneous recurrent peritonitis. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Jul 21;39:93-97 (PMC).

Ortega Alonso, A., López Navarro, N., Gallego, E., Lara, C. and Alcaín Martínez, G. (2015) Crohn’s disease and Sweet’s syndrome: A debut together. Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva (REV ESP ENFERM DIG), Oct 26th (PDF).

Patton, T., Jukic, D. and Juhas, E. (2009) Atypical histopathology in bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome: A case-report. Dermatology Online Journal.

Stevenson, R. and Hannay, J. (2016). Sweet’s syndrome: a rare extraintestinal manifestation of ulcerative colitis. BMJ Case Reports, May 11 (online).

Trabulo, D., Teixeira, C., Ribeiro, S., Martins, C., Mangualde, J., Augusto, F., Cremers, I. and Oliveira, A. (2015) Sweet Syndrome and Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Crohn’s Disease Patient Treated with Anti-TNFα. Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System, Mar; 5:262 (online).

Differentiation syndrome.

Solano-López, G., Llamas-Velasco, M., Concha-Garzón, M. and Daudén, E. (2015) Sweet syndrome and differentiation syndrome in a patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia. World Journal of Clinical Cases, Feb 16;3(2):196-8 (online).

Eye, and ear problems.

Berg, I., Nenninger, T., Dimaio, D., Bierman, P. and Sandkovsky, U. (2013) Rash and ear swelling in a patient with febrile neutropenia. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, May;17(5):e360-1 (online).

Bilgin, A., Tavas P., Turkoglu, E., Ilhan, H., Toru, S. and Apaydin, K. (2015) An uncommon ocular manifestation of Sweet syndrome: peripheral ulcerative keratitis and nodular scleritis. Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia, Jan-Feb;78(1):53-5 (PDF).

Cala, C. , Kole, L. and Sami, N. (2015) Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Polyneuropathy in a Patient with Sweet’s Syndrome. Case Reports in Otolaryngology, Dec 6th (online).

Carbonell, D., Agdeppa, M. and Mejia, M. (2011) Peripheral Ulcerative Keratitis in Sweet’s Syndrome. Phillipine Journal of Ophthalmology, Jan-Jun; 36(1):46-49 (PDF).

Koay, C., Chew, F., Chong, K. and Subrayan (2013) Compressive Optic Neuropathy. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, Mar;61(3):140-141 (online).

Zhuang, Y. and Li, Y. (2011) Bilateral Conjunctival Nodules in Sweet’s Syndrome. Journal of Clinical Experimental Ophthalmology; 2:146 (online).

Paraneoplastic fasciitis.

Chaudhry, A., Baker, K., Gould, E. and Gupta, R. (2015) Necrotizing fasciitis and its mimics: what radiologists need to know. American Journal of Roentgenology, Jan;204(1):128-39 (online).

Respiratory.

Fernandez-Bussey, S., Labarca, G., Cabello, F., Cabello, H., Folch, E. and Majid, A. (2012) Sweet’s syndrome with pulmonary involvement: Case report and literature review. Respiratory Medicine Case Reports, Aug; 6: 16-19 (Science Direct online). 

Li, B., Ma, Z., Xu, X., Yin, J., Wang, X., Ren, J., Wang, S., Yang, J., Ma, T., Zhang, Q., Yu, J. and Yan, B. (2015) Multi–organ involvement of Sweet’s syndrome: a case report and literature review. Internal Medicine (Tokyo, Japan);54(3):339-43 (PDF). Discusses respiratory and cardiac involvement.

Thyroid.

Rattan, R., Sharma, A., Shanker, V., Tegta, G. and Verma, G. (2016) Transient autoimmune thyroiditis associated with Sweet’s syndrome. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Jan-Feb;82(1):112 (online).


Media.

McColl, I. (2013) Sweet’s Syndrome: Clinical and Histopathological Variants (You Tube Video).

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